06 February, 2019

Class X: More Questions for Revision

CHAPTER 1 (RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT)

Answer the following questions: Total Marks - 50

Q1. What is a Fallow Land? 1
Q2. What is Sub Soil? 1
Q3. Define Marginal Land. 1
Q4. Which term is used to identify the old and new alluvial respectively? 1
Q5. How much percentage of forest area should be there in the country according to the National Forest Policy? 1
Q6. Which type of soil develops due to high temperature and evaporation? 1
Q7. What is Leaching? 1
Q8. What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in hilly areas? 3
Q9. When and why was the Rio-de-Janeiro Earth Summit held? 3
Q10. "Net Sown Area varies from place to place". Why? 3
Q11. Distinguish between potential resources and stock with the help of examples. 3
Q12. Write any three problems associated with the indiscriminate use of resources by the human beings. 3
Q13. Distinguish between resources on the basis of Exhaustibility of Resources. 3
Q14. Explain land use pattern in India and why the land under forest has not increased much since 1960-61. 5
Q15. How have technological and economic development led to more consumption of resources? 5
Q16. What are the steps involved in the complex process of resource planning? Why is resource planning important in the context of a country like India? 5
Q17. What does the term "Land Degradation" mean? Which human activities have contributed significantly in land degradation? Suggest measures to solve the problem of land degradation. 5
Q18. Define any five major characteristics of "Arid Soil". 5

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CHAPTER 3 (WATER RESOURCES)

Answer the following questions: Total Marks - 50

Q1. Which river is known as "River of Sorrow"? 1
Q2. In the eleventh century which was the largest artificial lake built? 1
Q3. Name the king (Sultan) who built the tank in Hauz Khas, Delhi for supplying water to Siri Fort area.1
Q4. What is the major source of freshwater in India? 1
Q5. On which river Koyna Dam is built? 1
Q6. What is the rank of India in the world in term of availability of water per person per annum? 1
Q7. Globally, how much amount of precipitation is received by India? 1
Q8. What are the objectives of rainwater harvesting? State any three. 3
Q9. What are the ill-effects of irrigation? How is it responsible for transforming social landscape? 3
Q10. Why is conservation and management of water resources important? Give any three reasons. 3
Q11. Mention three major sources if irrigation in India. Which source of irrigation is most popular in southern India and why? 3
Q12. Highlight any three key features of the Narmada Bachao Andolan. 3
Q13. State any three examples (other than roof top rainwater harvesting) of traditional water harvesting system prevalent in various parts of India. 3
Q14. Multipurpose river projects are referred as the "Temples of modern India". Elucidate. 5
Q15. What is water scarcity? Give any four reasons to specify why there is scarcity of water across the globe? 5
Q16. What are interstate water disputes? Why are such issues raised? Give any three examples of interstate water disputes. 5
Q17. In the recent years, multipurpose river dam projects and large dams have come under great scrutiny and opposition. Explain. 5
Q18. Usage of tankas is very common in Rajasthan. Mention some of the features of these 'tankas' built in the houses of Bikaner and Phalodi. 5

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CHAPTER 4 (AGRICULTURE)

Answer the following questions: Total Marks - 50

Q1. What is Bhoodan – Gramdan movement? 1
Q2. Name any two beverage crops produced in India. 1
Q3. Mention different names by which slash and burn type of farming is known in India along with the name of the states. 1
Q4. In the states like Assam, Odisha and West Bengal, three crops of paddy are grown, name the crops. 1
Q5. Name the major maize producing states in India. 1
Q6. Which type of crop is known as "Leguminous Crop"? 1
Q7. In the first five year plan the main focus was on what? 1
Q8. Mention the factors which have influenced the change in the methods of cultivation. 3
Q9. What are coarse grains? Describe their characteristics. 3
Q10. Describe the geographical conditions, and major sugarcane producing states of India. 3
Q11. Distinguish between Rabi and Kharif season. 3
Q12. Mention any three geographical conditions required for the growth of Wheat in India. 3
Q13. Distinguish between subsistence farming and commercial farming. 3
Q14. What is plantation agriculture? Write its four characteristics. 5
Q15. Name any two fiber crops produced in India. Describe any two geographical conditions required for the growth of each crop. 5
Q16. Explain the challenges faced by Indian agriculture. 5
Q17. Mention important technological and institutional reforms introduced in India after independence in the 1960s and 1970s. 5
Q18. What is Horticulture? Name the fruits grown in India. Mention the name of states also. 5

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CHAPTER 5 (MINERALS AND ENERGY RESOURCES)

Answer the following questions: Total Marks - 50

Q1. In the recent years, use of which fuel for transport vehicles is gaining popularity? 1
Q2. Where was petroleum drilled first in India? 1
Q3. What is "Rat Hole Mining"? 1
Q4. Name the two leading copper producing states of India. 1
Q5. What are Veins and Lodes? 1
Q6. What is a "Mine"? 1
Q7. What are placer deposits? 1
Q8. "Solar energy has a bright future in India". Support the statement with three facts. 3
Q9. What are the uses of limestone? Mention the states which are the major producers of limestone? 3
Q10. How is mica one of the most indispensable minerals? Explain any three points. 3
Q11. What are the differences between hydro-electricity and thermal electricity? 3
Q12. Draw a flow chart to explain the classification of minerals. 3
Q13. "Energy saved is energy produced". Justify the statement by giving any three measures to conserve the energy resources. 3
Q14. What is an ore? Explain the distribution of iron ore in India. 5
Q15. Explain different modes where minerals occur. 5
Q16. Differentiate between conventional and non-conventional sources of energy. 5
Q17. Name the ore from which aluminium is extracted. State any four uses of aluminium. Name two states where its ore is found. 5
Q18. What is the most abundantly available fossil fuel in India? What are its three major forms? Write the main features of each form. 5

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CHAPTER 6 (MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES)

Answer the following questions: Total Marks - 50

Q1. Which industry has been a major foreign exchange earner in the last few years? 1
Q2. When and where was the first successful cotton textile industry setup in India? 1
Q3. What is the objective of NMCC? 1
Q4. What is the full form of BPO? 1
Q5. What is a consumer industry? 1
Q6. When and where was the first jute mill set up in India? 1
Q7. Dyeing, Spinning, Garment Manufacture, Fiber Production, Weaving. Arrange the activities from the start till the end. 1
Q8. Why did the traditional cotton textile industry of India receive a setback during the colonial period? 3
Q9. Explain three phases by which treatment of industrial effluents can be done. 3
Q10. Enlist various factors upon which growth of modern industry depends. 3
Q11. What are software technology parks ? State any two points of significance of Information Technology industry in India ? 3
Q12. Distinguish between an integrated steel plant and a mini steel plants stating three points of distinction. 3
Q13. Mention any two factors that have contributed to a healthy growth of the automobile industry in India. Name two centers where this industry is located. 3
Q14. Why does the north-eastern part of the Peninsular Plateau region have the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries? 5
Q15. What is the importance of the manufacturing industries? 5
Q16. Name the different types of pollution caused by industries. Explain each with appropriate example. 5
Q17. Which factors are responsible for shifting of sugar mills to southern and western states? Mention the challenges faced by the industry. 5
Q18. Draw a flow chart to explain the classification of industries. 5

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CHAPTER 7 (LIFELINES OF NATIONAL ECONOMY)

Answer the following questions: Total Marks - 50

Q1. Which state has the highest density of roads in India? 1
Q2. Name the oldest artificial port in India? 1
Q3. What are rural roads? 1
Q4. Name the six mail channels that have been introduced by the Indian Postal Department. 1
Q5. Which port in India is known as the tidal port? 1
Q6. In India, first train ran between which two stations, in which year and covered an area of how many kilometers? 1
Q7. Name the different types of roads classified on the basis of the type of material used. 1
Q8. Which is the cheapest means of transportation? Write its three advantages. 3
Q9. Distinguish between Personal Communication and Mass Communication. 3
Q10. Mention the names of three National Waterways in India. 3
Q11. What is the length of coastline of India? What is Paradwip famous for, and in which state is it situated? 3
Q12. Distinguish between National Highways and State Highways. 3
Q13. Define balance of trade. Distinguish between favourable balance of trade and unfavourable balance of trade. 3
Q14. What are Golden Quadrilateral Super Highways? Mention any two objects of this project. The North – South and East – West Corridors join which terminal cities? 5
Q15. Name the important networks of pipeline transportation in India. Highlight any three merits of pipeline transport in India. 5
Q16.How do physical and economic factors influence the distribution pattern of Indian railways network? Explain with suitable examples. 5
Q17.Describe the significance of air transport. Write its two merits and two demerits. 5
Q18.Explain any five reasons why a dense and efficient network of transport and communication is a pre-requisite for trade of today. 5

 

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